Mother Saraswati is the goddess of knowledge, music, arts and science. Devotees pray for calmness to their restless mind and for guidance of their soul to find its way to the afterlife. She is depicted as beautiful fair Goddess with four arms, representing the four aspects of human personality in learning: mind, intellect, alertness and ego. She has sacred scriptures in one hand and a lotus in the second that symbolize true knowledge. With her other two hands she plays the Veena – the music of love and life. She is dressed in white spotless saree and seated on white lotus that stand for purity and rides on a white swan that stand for purity and discrimination. Saraswati is also the consort of Brahma and her symbolic animal is the peacock.
In the Bhagwad Gita, Lord Krishna said, “O Arjuna! Great is the man who can use his mind to control his senses and do his Karma without attachment. Thus knowing one’s Self is superior to everything else. Control your mind with intellect. In this way, O mighty-armed one, destroy the unconquerable enemy in the form of desire.”
Saraswathi Namasthubhyam, varade Kama roopini,
Vidhyarambham karishyami, sidhir bhavathu me sada.
My salutations to Goddess Saraswathi,
Who can take any form,
Who is the bestower of all boons,
And I start learning now,
With the prayer to her,
To make it very effective.
Yakundendu Thushara Hara Davalam, Ya shubra vastravrutham,
Ya veena vara danda manditha kara, Ya shwetha padmasana,
Ya brahmachyutha Sankara prbhruthibhi Daivai sada poojitha,
Saa maam pathu saraswathi bhagawathi Nissesha jadyabaha.
My saluations to Goddess Saraswathi,
Who is while like a Kunda flower,
Who shines like the full moon,
Who carries in her hand a Veena and a stick,
Who is seated on the throne of white Lotus,
Who is worshipped by the holy trinity,
With a prayer to drive away all my slothfulness.